WildFly testing with WildFly Glow

This blog post provides information on how to use WildFly Glow to produce a WildFly server in order to test the applications you are developing for WildFly.


Reading this blog post that provides detailed information on WildFly provisioning in general and WildFly Glow in particular is a good pre-requisite to this blog post.

The main goal of the WildFly Glow project is to help you produce a trimmed server that will properly execute your deployments.

The trimmed WildFly server can be produced to run your tests or execute your final deployments. This blog post focuses on the testing phase.

Provisioning approaches for your tests

To install a server to execute your tests, you can:

  • Download and install a WildFly distribution. This approach is outside the scope of executing tests with a trimmed server. This would apply when executing your applications inside a full WildFly server.

  • Provisioning a WildFly server using the WildFly Maven Plugin (with WildFly Glow support enabled) during test execution. This approaches addresses simple applications composed of a single deployment.

  • Use the WildFly Arquillian Adapter and WildFly Glow to provision a server to test more complex use-cases.


The server used by the tests should contain the same content as the one used in production (with some configuration adjustments to cope with each context). So testing with a full WildFly distribution and then using a trimmed server in production will hide issues. We strongly advise that you use provisioning in the first place and execute tests with a trimmed server.

Ok, so you are ready to provision a trimmed server, but what is the provisioning configuration you need to provide to the provisioning tooling to produce a WildFly server that will properly execute your tests?

Testing using the WildFly Maven Plugin to provision a server

This is the simplest approach that applies to a single application deployed into WildFly. The WildFly quickstarts cover this approach with the provisioned-server profile. Each quickstart defines this profile as you can find in the quickstarts source code.

The WildFly quickstarts have been ported to rely on WildFly Glow. You can clone the following quickstart branch and play with the quickstarts of your choice.

The package goal of the WildFly Maven Plugin scans the application, discovers the provisioning configuration then provisions the server and deploy the application. The server is started (wildfly:start goal) then the tests are executed to interact with the application deployed in the server.

For example:

cd helloworld
mvn clean package -Pprovisioned-server
mvn wildfly:start
mvn verify -Pintegration-testing -Dserver.host=http://localhost:8080
mvn wildfly:shutdown

In some cases you need to run tests from inside the server or you want to tests multiple deployments, that is where the WildFly Arquillian Adapter is needed.

Testing using the WildFly Arquillian Adapter

Arquillian deployments

When using Arquillian, the deployments to be deployed to the WildFly server are created by static Java methods annotated with the @org.jboss.arquillian.container.test.api.Deployment annotation. These deployments are created and deployed during test execution by Arquillian.

WildFly Glow Arquillian Maven Plugin

Details on how to use and configure the plugin can be found in the plugin documentation. In this blog post we are introducing its usage.

The WildFly Glow Arquillian Maven plugin scans all the @Deployment annotated static methods, and invokes them to obtain each deployment. It then scans these deployments to discover the required Galleon layers.

A provisioning.xml file containing the discovered layers and feature-packs is generated. This Galleon configuration file is then used by the actual provisioning tooling (Galleon Maven Plugin, WildFly Maven Plugin, WildFly JAR Maven Plugin) to provision the test server.

In order to validate that what the scanning has discovered is what you are expecting, you can configure the wildfly-glow-arquillian-plugin maven plugin to contain the element <expected-discovery>.

For example:

<expected-discovery>[cdi, ee-integration, ejb, ejb-lite, elytron-oidc-client, naming, servlet]==>ee-core-profile-server,ejb,elytron-oidc-client</expected-discovery>

The left part of the arrow contains the list of the discovered layers according to the scanning. The right part is what will get provisioned. Composed of a base layer (always ee-core-profile-server) and a list of the discovered layers not contained in the base layer.

During plugin execution, the discovered layers are printed. If that is valid with respect to your tests, you can copy and paste this output as the <expected-discovery> value.

If that is not valid (e.g.: some layers should not be present), you can enable <verbose>true</verbose> to see why a layer was selected.

WildFly Glow is based on rules contained in the Wildfy Galleon layers. If a rule matches, the layer is included. The set of rules contained in WildFly layers is documented in this documentation.

An example of output:

layers inclusion rules
* ee-core-profile-server
* ee-concurrency
  - JAVA_TYPE: [jakarta.enterprise.concurrent.*]
* undertow-https
  - ADD_ON

This output means:

  • ee-core-profile-server is a base layer (always included).

  • ee-concurrency layer is included because a Java class located in the java package jakarta.enterprise.concurrent has been found.

  • undertow-https is included because it is bound to an included add-on (in this case ssl).

BTW: The WildFly integration tests contain a lot of examples of WildFly Glow scanning executions that you could use as a starting-point.

Simple pom.xml example

In this example, both the wildfly-glow-arquillian-plugin and wildfly-maven-plugin are bound to the test-compile phase (run after the test classes have been compiled).

The wildfly-glow-arquillian-plugin execution produces the file target/glow-scan/provisioning.xml that is then consumed by the wildfly-maven-plugin to provision the server (in the directory target/server).


The provisioned server is then started by Arquillian and tests are executed. As you can see the provisioning aspects are fully handled by the tooling, allowing you to focus on the testing.

For more advanced usage (e.g.: selecting a WildFly version, an execution profile, adding add-ons, selecting specific surefire executions to provision multiple servers) you should check the WildFly Glow documentation.

We hope that you will see how useful WildFly Glow can be for your WildFly application testing. Your feedback would be very valuable to evolve WildFly Glow in the right direction. Feel free to log issues in the project.


Jean-Francois Denise